An overview of the stages of construction

An overview of the stages of construction

Constructing buildings of any kind is a very detail-oriented process. No matter what you are constructing, there are very definitive steps that must be taken. This is to ensure the safety of construction workers, employees and patrons of the future building. While specifications and permits can vary from project to project, the general order of operations in any construction project remains the same. Here is an overview of the stages of construction.

Creating a concept and design

The very first stage of construction is to create a concept, followed by a design and blueprints. Typically, this is done with the help of an architect to ensure everything is up-to-code and that the design will be structurally-sound.

Obtaining building permits

Once you have blueprints and construction plans, you need the right building and construction permits. This process is ongoing throughout the duration of the project, meaning you need to obtain different permits at different times.

Clearing and excavating the land

After obtaining your permits, the construction project will commence by clearing and excavating the land on which you want to build. This includes removing any trees, boulders or other obstacles that are in the way, as well as levelling the ground.

Pouring the foundation

When the space you are building on is cleared and excavated, the foundation can be poured. Depending on the size of your building and the stability of the land, preparing the subsurface may need to be done prior to the foundation being poured.

Completing the framing

Once the foundation has been poured and cured, framing begins. This may include installing wood frames or steel beams. This process takes a while and it is important that everything is done correctly.

Rough electrical and plumbing

After the building has been framed out, a contractor will come in to complete rough electrical and plumbing work. This involves installing the pipes and wires which will later help for the drywall, insulation and ceilings to go up.

Installing the roof

About the same time that the rough electrical and plumbing work is done, roofers come in to complete the roof on the building. Contractors will also be called in to complete the exterior of the building, further protecting the interior work that is about to take place.

Heating and cooling needs

Once the building has exterior walls and a roof, heating and cooling needs are addressed. Vents, ductwork and the heating and cooling unit are all installed.

Completing the interior

The following on the stages of construction includes adding insulation, putting up drywall and adding ceilings. An electrician often comes out during this stage and finishes up adding outlets and lighting fixtures.

Installing fixtures

Once the interior walls are up, all of the fixtures inside of a space can be added. This includes things like toilets, cabinets, windows, doors and elevators.

Finishing up

The last stage involves putting the finishing touches on the building. This involves installing flooring, painting the walls, putting countertops in or adding facets. Once this stage is done, the building process will be completed.

Thanks for taking the time to read our blog post on the stages of construction. Do you want to study abroad in Spain? Take a look at our Civil engineering study programme and feel free to talk to our counsellor for more information.

Five software programs to know in Civil Engineering

Five software programs to know in Civil Engineering

If you are interested in joining the field of Civil Engineering, you should be familiar with the following programs. In particular, these programs help civil engineers in their daily duties. Whether it is modelling pipe networks or detention/water quality ponds, or making sure they are staying on schedule, these five programs are fundamental to the job!

AutoCad Civil 3D

Easily the most used program in the industry, Civil 3D is a civil engineering drafting software with a multitude of design, analysis and simulation tools for civil engineering design. If we are talking high level, we use CAD to create sets of plans known as construction documentation. From polylines to feature lines, pipe networks to profiles, Civil 3D’s range of tools will allow you to create innovative and detailed designs.

Want to try Civil 3D free for 30 days?


Considered a standard for hydrologic simulation, The Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) is designed to simulate the hydrologic process of watershed systems and provides you with nearly all the drainage values you could need. In the program, you describe the physical properties of a watershed and the meteorology that act on the watershed during a defined time span of simulation. Additionally, the simulation results are easy to understand. Furthermore, summary tables for each element include peak flow, total volume, depth and storage values in reservoirs and ponds, and more.

Developed at the Hydrologic Engineering Center of the US Army Corps of Engineers, HEC-HMS is available to the public


In addition to HEC-HMS, the Hydrologic Engineering Center of the US Army Corps of Engineers has also created the River Analysis System (HEC-RAS). This program models the hydraulics of water flow through rivers and channels of many cross-sections. This program will help you determine if water can travel through specific structures (channel, stream, bridge, culvert, etc…) safely without causing adverse flooding in the area. The system is able to analyze both steady and unsteady flow, sediment transport computations and water quality components. Additionally, it is used for floodplain management with the help of its mapping tools.

This program is also available to the public.

Microsoft Project

Project is Microsoft’s project management tool. It is similar to Microsoft Office, specifically Excel, with its user interface, making navigating the program easy. Scheduling is very important when it comes to managing engineering projects. With the knowledge of basic scheduling concepts such as activity relationships, critical paths, Gantt Charts, and more, Microsoft Project will enable you to create detailed schedules to manage your different projects.

Try Microsoft Project with a free trial.


StormCAD is a modelling and analysis program for drainage system, stormwater and sanitary sewer design. Civil engineers use it daily to size pipes and structures for a variety of development projects. StormCAD can provide calculations for drainage area runoff, inlet capacity, gutters and pipe network flow and more. The outputs and custom report generator are helpful in providing necessary information to ensure your system is engineered correctly. With GIS and AutoCAD support, importing and exporting between programs makes doing the job that much easier!

Want to know more about StormCAD? Check out their overview video!

Thanks for taking the time to read our blog post about programs in civil engineering. Do you want to study abroad in Spain? Take a look at our Civil engineering study programme and feel free to talk to our counsellor for more information.

The Perks of Having a Degree in Civil Engineering

The Perks of Having a Degree in Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is one of the oldest disciplines in engineering, dating back to about 4000 B.C. However, it was not until the 18th century when the term Civil Engineer was introduced. Through the ages, civil engineers have helped to shape the infrastructure of the world. In other words, modern life would be quite different if it was not for the civil engineer. So in this blog post we’ll be focusing on the career benefits of pursuing a degree in Civil engineering.

Civil engineers design, build, maintain and manage the construction of public and private facilities. For example roads, pipelines, bridges, dams, highways, tunnels, subdivisions, water treatment systems, and airports. Civil engineers manage both projects and people, taking an active hand in the construction of needed facilities. There are numerous career benefits of earning yourself a degree in Civil engineering.

High-demand job

One of the largest career benefits of a civil engineering job is, in fact, the job demand. The demand for new facilities and the maintenance of existing ones makes civil engineers always coveted. But if you’re working in the private sector, you might experience cutbacks on new building projects. Luckily, civil engineers can expect to have government-funded projects to fall back on in case this happens.

Job specialisation

Because of the wide range of the civil engineering field, there are a number of specialised areas. In particular, the main areas of focus for civil engineers include structural engineering, construction, geotechnical engineering, water resources, and transportation. Civil engineers can often hold supervisory and administrative positions, while others might choose to work in design, teaching or research.

Higher salary

Having a degree in Civil engineering comes with its perks for sure. One of the career benefits is having a higher income as a working professional.

Average salaries for graduates from Civil engineering degrees:

Field work

Civil engineers do spend some time in their offices planning, making appointments and participating in meetings. However, much of their work time is spent outdoors at work sites. There they monitor buildings and projects and resolve project issues. As a result, the nature of the work keeps civil engineers active and on the move. It is also dynamic, which means each project has its own distinct design challenges and operational issues. Engineers also get to work closely with contractors, architects, and workers.

Project creativity

Engineers have the unique ability to combine strong technical competence with creative designing. They need to know the ins and outs of building construction, including electrical and plumbing systems and functional workings. However, engineers often love the challenge of making plans that balance functional value with aesthetic appeal. In communities that emphasize contemporary design structure, engineers often renovate or rebuild more creative structures where older, more traditional structures once stood.

Importance in the community

Civil engineers are central figures in community development. Without their unique talents, communities would not grow and prosper. Buildings and roads provide the basis of city infrastructure. Engineers not only provide them, but they use their skills to optimise the performance and efficiency of community systems. They also develop water and sewer systems that balance safety standards with the delivery of water and sewer processing. The latter two are key functions in city operation and residents’ health and comfort.

A career in civil engineering is satisfying, challenging and offers promising prospects for upward progression. The demand for civil engineers all over the world will only grow in the coming years. Are you interested in our Civil engineering study programme? Talk to our counsellor to get more information.

Get more information about the Master in Civil Engineering