Constructing buildings of any kind is a very detail-oriented process. No matter what you are constructing, there are very definitive steps that must be taken. This is to ensure the safety of construction workers, employees and patrons of the future building. While specifications and permits can vary from project to project, the general order of operations in any construction project remains the same. Here is an overview of the stages of construction.
Creating a concept and design
The very first stage of construction is to create a concept, followed by a design and blueprints. Typically, this is done with the help of an architect to ensure everything is up-to-code and that the design will be structurally-sound.
Obtaining building permits
Once you have blueprints and construction plans, you need the right building and construction permits. This process is ongoing throughout the duration of the project, meaning you need to obtain different permits at different times.
Clearing and excavating the land
After obtaining your permits, the construction project will commence by clearing and excavating the land on which you want to build. This includes removing any trees, boulders or other obstacles that are in the way, as well as levelling the ground.
Pouring the foundation
When the space you are building on is cleared and excavated, the foundation can be poured. Depending on the size of your building and the stability of the land, preparing the subsurface may need to be done prior to the foundation being poured.
Completing the framing
Once the foundation has been poured and cured, framing begins. This may include installing wood frames or steel beams. This process takes a while and it is important that everything is done correctly.
Rough electrical and plumbing
After the building has been framed out, a contractor will come in to complete rough electrical and plumbing work. This involves installing the pipes and wires which will later help for the drywall, insulation and ceilings to go up.
Installing the roof
About the same time that the rough electrical and plumbing work is done, roofers come in to complete the roof on the building. Contractors will also be called in to complete the exterior of the building, further protecting the interior work that is about to take place.
Heating and cooling needs
Once the building has exterior walls and a roof, heating and cooling needs are addressed. Vents, ductwork and the heating and cooling unit are all installed.
Completing the interior
The following on the stages of construction includes adding insulation, putting up drywall and adding ceilings. An electrician often comes out during this stage and finishes up adding outlets and lighting fixtures.
Once the interior walls are up, all of the fixtures inside of a space can be added. This includes things like toilets, cabinets, windows, doors and elevators.
The last stage involves putting the finishing touches on the building. This involves installing flooring, painting the walls, putting countertops in or adding facets. Once this stage is done, the building process will be completed.
Thanks for taking the time to read our blog post on the stages of construction. Do you want to study abroad in Spain? Take a look at our Civil engineering study programme and feel free to talk to our counsellor for more information.